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Gulnara

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Thursday, 20 September 2018 06:30
تسنیم/ متن پیش رو در تسنیم منتشر شده و انتشار آن به معنی تایید تمام یا بخشی از آن نیست عرصه سیاسی و نظامی سوریه این‌روزها شاهد تحولات عجیبی بوده است که از توافقی ناگهانی در فضای دیپلماتیک آغاز و تا حملاتی با منشأ نامعلوم و ناپدید شدن یک هواپیمای روسی ادامه پیدا کرد.ساعاتی بعد از اعلام توافق دوجانبه میان روسیه و ترکیه که با استقبال تهران مواجه شد، رژیم صهیونیستی با همراهی ائتلاف بین‌المللی موسوم به مبارزه با تروریسم برخی مواضع دولتی در نزدیکی شهر لاذقیه و مناطقی از طرطوس را هدف حملات موشکی قرار داد
. گرچه تاکنون دلیل قطعی برای ارتباط میان این دو تحول مهم در عرصه داخلی سوریه به دست نیامده، اما به نظر می‌رسد که این حوادث بی‌ارتباط با هم نیستند. نشست سوچی میان ولادیمیر پوتین و رجب طیب اردوغان روسای جمهور روسیه و ترکیه در خصوص ایجاد منطقه بدون سلاح در اطراف ادلب برگزار شد.پوتین و اردوغان، به توافق رسیدند که تا تاریخ 15 اکتبر (23مهرماه) در استان ادلب سوریه با خروج گروه‌های مسلح از آن، یک منطقه غیرنظامی ایجاد شود. این توافق بی‌سابقه بین رهبران دو کشور در نتیجه مذاکرات بسیار سختی که بیش ازچهارساعت به طول انجامید، به دست آمد. برغم همه دشواری‌ها، مسکو و آنکارا قاطعانه سعی دارند تا راه، حل و فصل سیاسی در سوریه را در پیش بگیرد. مقامات دو کشور وعده داده‌اند که خاک سوریه از وجود تروریست‌ها پاک شود، در عین حال عملیات نظامی جدید در این کشور انجام نشود.البته چند ساعت پس از امضای سند توافق در ادلب، به منطقه لاذقیه در نزدیکی پایگاه هوایی "حمیمیم" روسیه، حمله موشکی از دریا صورت گرفت. گفته می‌شود، این حمله چندین تأسیسات را هدف قرار داده بود. همزمان یک هواپیمای روسی نیز از رادار محور شد، که ساعاتی بعد اعلام شد این هواپیما در نتیجه فعالیت سیستم دفاع موشکی سوریه موسوم به اس 200 ساقط شده است.پدافند هوایی ارتش سوریه بخشی از موشک‌های رژیم صهیونیستی را قبل از رسیدن به هدف سرنگون کرد. طبق اطلاعات برخی رسانه‌های عرب‌زبان، این حمله مشترکی از سوی اسرائیل و ائتلاف غربی بود. پس از آن، وزارت دفاع روسیه اعلام کرد که این حمله توسط چهار فروند هواپیمای اف-16 اسرائیلی صورت گرفته است. وزارت دفاع روسیه همچنین اعلام کرده است که تعدادی از این موشک ها از روی یک ناو فرانسوی شلیک شده است.رسانه های سوریه اعلام کردند که در نتیجه حملات رژیم صهیونیستی به شرق شهر لاذقیه که دیشب انجام شد، دست کم ده نفر زخمی شده‌اند.
 
منابع بیمارستانی اعلام می‌کنند که حال دو نفر از مجروحان وخیم است. همچنین دیده بان حقوق بشر سوریه نیز اعلام کرده که دو نظامی در نتیجه این حملات کشته شده‌اند که هنوز هویت آنها مشخص نشده است.در همین رابطه وزارت دفاع روسیه با صدور بیانیه‌ای اعلام کرد که رفتارهای رژیم اسرائیل را تجاوز طلبانه می‌داند و حق واکنش مناسب به این رفتارها را برای خود محفوظ می‌داند.این بیانیه رفتارهای رژیم‌صهیونیستی را تحریک‌آمیز خواند، چرا که جنگنده‌های رژیم‌ صهیونیستی از هواپیمای ایل 20 روسیه به عنوان پوششی برای خود استفاده کردند که در نتیجه این اقدام این هواپیما توسط موشک‌های ضد هوایی سوریه ساقط شد. این هواپیما حامل 14 نظامی روس بود.اقدام رژیم صهیونیستی و ائتلاف بین المللی مبارزه با تروریسم در هدف قرار دادن منافع روسیه در خاک سوریه را می‌توان واکنش خشمگینانه رژیم صهیونیستی و غرب به توافق به دست آمده در خصوص ادلب با حضور ترکیه و روسیه دانست که نتیجه نشست چند روز پیش تهران بودتوافقی که می‌تواند گامی مهم و اساسی در از بین بردن بقایای گروه‌های تروریستی در سوریه و استقرار صلح و امنیت در سوریه با حفظ جوانب انسان‌دوستانه در این کشور دانست.خشم غرب و رژیم صهیونیستی از نتایج اجلاس سوچی که در ادامه روند مثبت و موفق آستانه و مسیر اجلاس اخیر تهران انجام شد، باعث واکنش شتابزده این کشورها در سوریه برای تخریب بیشتر زیرساخت‌ها و حمله به مواضع روسی در این کشور است. گرچه سوریه روند تقابل با تجاوزهای رژیم صهیونیستی به خاک خود را به مرحله بعد از ریشه کن شدن گروه‌های تروریستی موکول کرده، اما به نظر نمی‌رسد که مسکو همانطور که دربیانیه وزارت دفاعاین کشور مطرح شد، در قبال این تجاوزها سکوت اختیار کند. همراهان عزیز، آخرین خبر را بر روی بسترهای زیر دنبال کنید:
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آخرین خبر در بله
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آخرین خبر در گپ
https://gap.im/akharinkhabar


 
 
 
Wednesday, 19 September 2018 06:52

By

The Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigo slammed Israel on Tuesday, claiming that its "irresponsible actions," led to the downing of a Russian military aircraft and the deaths of 14 servicemen over Latakia, Syria late Monday night. According to Russia, Israel only warned it one minute before launching the strikes. The Russian Defense Minister spoke on the phone with Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman and told him that Moscow holds Israel wholly to blame for the shooting down of a Russian military plane near Syria. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that Russia was extremely concerned, adding that Russia's position had already been set out by the Ministry of Defense, as reported by Reuters.

 

Syrian air defense mistakenly shot down a Russian military plane on Monday night while the Syrian regime was targeting multiple missiles flying over Latakia, according to reports. Russia says that its IL-20 plane with 14 servicemen aboard lost contact with radar near Khmeimim air base near Latakia. Russian media said the plane disappeared during “an attack by Israeli F-16s” and claimed to have “registered the launch of missiles from a French frigate.”A statement by the Russian Defense Ministry said that "Israeli aircraft deliberately created a dangerous situation for surface ships and aircraft in the area." The Russian statement said Israel put the Russian plane in danger by flying close to it.

 "As a result, the IL-20, whose effective reflective surface is an order of magnitude larger than that of the F-16, was shot down by a C-200 missile," the statement noted, indicating that the anti-aircraft missile mistook the IL-20 for a target because it was a larger object than an F-16. Moscow said Israel would have been aware of the Russian plane's presence as it slowed to land at an altitude of 5 km. "They deliberately went through with this provocation." Russian forces were also not warned via a "hotline" from Moscow to Jerusalem, until one minute before the strike. This did not allow the Russian plane to reach a safe area."We regard the provocative actions of Israel as hostile. As a result of the irresponsible actions of the Israeli military, 15 Russian servicemen were killed. This is absolutely not in keeping with the spirit of the Russian-Israeli partnership. We reserve the right to adequate response," the ministry said.The complex battle that unfolded over Latakia on Monday night illustrates the perils of having so many forces operating in close proximity. In addition to Russian navy and air force in the area, there is Syrian air defense operating Russian-made air defense systems, and there are Turkish forces to the north, Iranian militias and alleged missile production facilities. This area in Latakia and neighboring Hama is only around 100 km. wide and includes 80 km. of coastline. The Syrian regime has accused Israel of numerous airstrikes over Hama in the last year. On September 6, new satellite images were released showing the consequences of an airstrike near Masyaf which is on the road from Latakia to Hama. On September 2, images from Image Sat International were also released along with a report on an alleged Iranian missile facility in Wadi Jahannam east of Baniyas and about 20 km. from the Russian naval facility at Tartus.Syrian state media claimed their air defense was activated around 10 p.m. on Monday to confront “foreign objects” coming from the sea. Video showed explosions, burning, and missiles searching skyward for targets. One video appeared to include the sound of low flying aircraft, and showed a missile strike a target near a civilian home in the Latakia countryside. Another video from Latakia city itself showed people partying while missiles shot skyward at glowing objects. A photo posted online revealed men who appeared to be sitting near the Beauty cocktail bar on the southern Corniche of Latakia, enjoying the view of the bay, while a massive explosion rocked a hill in the distance.Initially the attack was described as simply “foreign,” and pro-Syrian regime social media accounts speculated that it was either carried out by Israel or by the United States using cruise missiles.

“I can unequivocally say it this is not us,” US Pentagon spokesman Navy Commander Sean Robertson told VOA News’s Carla Babb on Monday night. Soon after, Russia reported it had lost contact with its plane. The Ilyushin 20 surveillance prop plane was coming in from the sea. CNN reported the US became aware of the missing plane because “Syrian forces broadcast an emergency search and rescue radio call.” CNN also reported that a US official “confirmed that Israel was responsible for the missile strikes on the Syrian regime.”Russian media specifically alleged that Israeli F-16s were involved. The Russian plane disappeared from radar at 11 p.m., which appears to be almost an hour after the Syrians activated their air defense to confront the initial round of attacks. Pro-Syrian social media accounts claimed the attacks on Syria included strikes not only in Latakia countryside, but also in Hama, near Baniyas and Tartus. Because of the proximity of these areas, it is possible that missiles flying over Latakia from the sea, for instance, and heading for Hama could be mistaken for targeting two different places.The scale of the strikes surprised the Syrian regime and set in motion a string of events that led to them shooting wildly and downing the aircraft of their own ally.
This should not have happened, but it appears to reveal that Syrian air defenses do not monitor the flights of their Russian colleagues, or that the air defenses did not operate properly, and inadvertently targeted a friendly aircraft as opposed to an enemy. To distract from the failure, both Russia and the Syrian regime have pointed fingers at the French frigate Auvergne.The air battles over Latakia came hours after Turkey and Russia had agreed to a buffer in nearby Idlib that would prevent a Syrian regime offensive. In Moscow there would have been calm after the discussions, with the looming battle postponed. Russia has had a naval presence off the coast of Syria in the wake of a large naval exercise earlier this month. The ships were likely in place in case the Idlib conflict increased. In addition, Moscow has been in a war of words with western states, accusing Syrian rebels in Idlib of preparing a “false flag” attack of chemical weapons that would give the US an excuse for more air strikes. France is one of the countries that might have joined in those air strikes. This presents a complex and toxic mix of naval maneuvering off the coast of Latakia. It was in this context that the Russian plane was shot down, amid a crowded sky and coastline involving ships and planes of various countries.The wild night over Latakia points to the potential for escalating conflict. Even as Turkey and Russia thought they had forestalled an Idlib battle, the air strikes on Latakia show that one wrong move could lead to a mistake. Russia has its own air defense in northern Syria, including the S-400 system. Speculation has stirred over whether Russia would activate the system to protect its Syrian ally or to protect air strikes targeting Iranian targets in Syria. It appears the system was not used last night. With both Russia and the US pointing the finger at Israel over the air strikes so soon after they occurred, the tensions in Latakia are also higher than usual. Usually both Moscow and Washington remain tight-lipped on assigning blame for the numerous air strikes on Syria.

Over the last year and a half, Israel has carried out around 200 air strikes on Syria using 800 munitions, according to a September 4 report revealed by the IDF. On September 17, just hours before the air strikes, the Syrian Observatory of Human rights also said that 113 Iranians and their militia allies had been killed in Israeli air strikes in Syria. 
 
 
Wednesday, 19 September 2018 06:05

Çağatay Balcı


Uluslararası ilişkilerin teorik ve entelektüel boyutu bir çok kuramsal perspektifi ve bu perspektiflerin sunduğu projeksiyonları kapsamaktadır. Söz konusu teorik açılımlar, bütünsel anlamda, uluslararası yapıyı, devletlerin dış politika reflekslerine dair açıklayıcı ve normatif bakış açıları sunmaktadır. Daha çok askeri-stratejik perspektiften etkilenmek suretiyle ortaya çıkan ve gelişim gösteren jeo-politik kuram açıklayıcı/betimleyici kuramlar arasında bu yönüyle ön plana çıkmıştır. Dar anlamda coğrafya ve dış politika arasındaki etkileşimin boyutları üzerine odaklanan jeo-politik kuram 1.Dünya Savaşından Soğuk Savaş dönemine kadar uzun bir sürede etkilerini göstermiştir. Jeo-politik bu dönemde İngiltere, ABD ve SSCB gibi küresel güçlerin dış politika stratejilerinin belirlenmesinde yararlanılan önemli bir etken olarak kendisini göstermiştir.


Zaman içerisinde yeni teorik açılımların gündeme gelmesi ile birlikte jeo-politik kavramının türevleri olarak nitelendirilebilecek olan jeo-strateji ve jeo-kültür kavramları da hem literatürde hem de pratik bağlamda dış politika uygulamalarında görülmeye başlanmıştır. Bu yeni perspektifler küresel sistem ekseninden daha çok bölgesel politika ve strateji belirlenimlerinde etkili olmuştur.
Son yıllarda, jeo-politik kavramının türevleri arasına, şahsına münhasır bir yapıya sahip olan jeo-mezhepsel yaklaşımı da eklemek gerekmektedir. Köken itibariyle, İran’ın özellikle Suriye krizi sürecinde sergilediği stratejiler ve hamlelerden hareketle formulize edilebilecek olan jeo-mezhepsel yaklaşım günümüz itibariyle özellikle bölgesel ölçekte son derece etkili olmaktadır. İç siyasete ve resmi ideoloji bağlamında sahip olduğu anlayışın dış politikaya doğrudan tesir ettiği gözlemlenen İran’da, jeo-mezhepsel strateji evresine geçiş sürecinde birkaç aşamadan bahsetmek mümkündür.
1979 İslam Devrimi öncesinde Şah rejiminin Fars milliyetçiliği ekseninde oluşturduğu resmi ideoloji devrim sürecinde ve sonrasında yerini İslamcı ideolojiye bırakmıştır. Bu dönemde hakim olan İslamcılık, mezhep taassubu ve vurgusundan uzak; “tüm İslam alemine ve mazlum dünyaya hitap eden” bir yapı ve nitelik arz etmiştir. Bu dönemde İran’ın sahip olduğu bu resmi ideoloji dış politika alanına da yansımış, “rejim ihracı politikası” olarak bilinen strateji temel paradigma olarak konumlanmıştır. Söz konusu paradigma Suriye krizinin patlak vermesine kadar bir takım reformist yaklaşımlar ile güncellense de özünü korumuş ve devamlılık göstermiştir.
2010 yılında Arap Baharı sürecinin başlaması ile, bu süreci “İslam Uyanışı” olarak tanımlayan İran sahip olduğu resmi ideolojiye uygun bir tavır geliştirmiştir. Fakat, sürecin Suriye’de yarattığı kriz ortamı ve bu ortamda kendisini gösteren mezhepsel gerilim ve çatışmalar İran’ın bu bağlamda tutum değişikliği yaşamasına neden olmuştur. Suriye krizini türevleri ve artçıları olarak değerlendirilebilecek olan Bahreyn, Irak ve Yemen krizleri İran’ın yeni dış politika paradigmasının temel kodlarını ortaya koymaktadır. Mezhep olgusunu dış politikanın temel argümanı haline getiren İran, yeni dönemde, “tüm İslam alemi ve mazlum dünyaya hitap” stratejisini geri planda bırakarak Şii nüfus barındıran ülkelerin siyasetine bu argüman ile müdahale etme ve bir anlamda mezhepsel irredentizm uygulaması göstermektedir. Bu yaklaşımı jeo-mezhepsel dış politika olarak tanımlamak mümkündür.

Suriye krizi ile birlikte sahip olduğu dış politika argümanlarını ve bu argümanların inandırıcılığını yitiren İran’ın yeni dış politika paradigması bu anlamda bir dar kalıbın ve çekirdeğe çekilmiş olmanın da ifadesidir. Bölgesel yeniden şekillenme sürecinde İran’ın aldığı bu yeni konumun yansımaları farklı düzey ve bağlamlarda kendisini gösterecektir.
 
 
Thursday, 13 September 2018 09:09
Syria’s embattled city of Idlib is controlled mainly by moderate opposition groups
 
 
Thursday, 13 September 2018 09:02
Because Trump will, in all likelihood, be president for at least two more years, we cannot expect dramatic shifts in US policy towards Turkey
 

As the United States’ November midterm elections draw near, President Trump becomes more and more attuned to the domestic news cycle. For that reason, Trump’s preoccupation with the Turkish government and the Turkish judiciary’s continuing detention of Pastor Brunson lasted no more than a fortnight, as should have been predictable. Once it became clear that he would have no success bullying the Turkish leadership, and that Turkey’s economy would weather an overt political attempt to cripple its currency, Trump speedily turned to other matters.

Over the past eighteen months, Trump has tended to jump from topic to topic when politically expedient. If a certain issue does not provide the desired political or media results, a more promising topic will be quickly thrust onto the public -- often by early morning tweets. In the end, the chaos that the Trump Administration is enveloped in meant that if Turkish officials remained calm and took measured steps to protect Turkey’s economy, the storm would soon pass. They did, and it did. But that same chaos also means that Trump could launch another impetuous attack with little or no warning, especially when we can be sure that Trump’s National Security Advisor John Bolton and Vice President Mike Pence continue to whisper in his ear about Turkey.

John Bolton and the Neoconservatives are back

The upcoming polls are not the only reason that Trump has suddenly become more antagonistic towards Turkey. There can be little doubt that Bolton is a prime factor spurring Trump on. As late as the July NATO conference, commentators were either gushing or complaining about the rapport that Trump and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan apparently enjoyed. But even then Trump’s interactions with President Erdogan did not display convincing sincerity. The idea that Trump, whose understanding of foreign societies is extremely limited and whose administration has routinely displayed contempt for foreigners in general and Muslims in particular, could found a meaningful working relationship with President Erdogan always required one to suspend rational expectations. Bolton’s influence, as malign as expected, has simply brought this reality to the forefront.

Many observers anticipated the worst when Bolton, an arch neoconservative left over from the George W. Bush Administration, managed to regain access to the White House. Trump originally considered Bolton for the Secretary of State position, but the position he eventually procured may be more to Bolton’s liking. The National Security Advisor is not subject to Congressional approval, has no bureaucracy to wrangle with, participates in the National Security Council, and possesses direct access to the President.

Ultimately, Trump’s political inexperience is what enabled Bolton to win a political appointment. When Trump entered the presidential race, he had no political experience and no political base other than the “alt right,” which is the extreme right side of the American political spectrum. Choosing Mike Pence as his running mate added the evangelical community, but neither voting block could provide a network, built up over time spent as an elected official, that a president-elect normally arrives with in Washington D.C. That network provides many candidates with specific skills and experience for political appointments.

As feared, Trump’s lack of a political network resulted in disastrous personnel choices, and the most direct consequence has been unprecedented turnover in his administration. Many of his choices turned out to be incompetent and were fired, or corrupt enough to be immediately exposed and dismissed. Others clashed with Trump over policy and were defenestrated. Trump’s revolving personnel door is the direct symptom of his lack of a political base and network.

The second result was that established elements of the Republican Party network in Washington eventually found opportunities to reappear on the scene once Trump’s initial personnel choices faltered and exited. This is how John Bolton found a place at Trump’s right hand, and we can be sure that the Washington D.C. neoconservative community is now doing its best to take advantage. I warned of this in the 2016 election’s immediate aftermath. =>[1]<=

“Deep State” coup not likely

Despite all of the chaos, however, no one should expect President Trump’s departure anytime soon. The latest turmoil to strike Washington took the form of an anonymous letter published by the New York Times. The letter was written by someone claiming to be in the Trump Administration’s highest levels, and who explained that most members of the administration know Trump is incompetent, so they either limit and stifle his attempts to make policy, or ignore him altogether.

This letter provoked energetic reactions from all sectors of the American chattering classes, including claims that an American “deep state” was in the process of carrying out a coup against Trump. In Turkey, that claim found ready proponents. The same newspaper also published advance excerpts from Bob Woodward’s new book on the Trump Administration, which added heaps of fuel to the already blazing controversies engulfing the administration. All in all, the past week sparked another wave of expectation that Trump’s disgrace and fall from power were nigh.

But looking beyond the hysteria and hyperbole, Trump’s departure from the White House does not appear imminent. If the Republican Party maintains control of both houses of Congress in November, Trump will essentially be assured of serving his entire term.

The essence of the matter is that the Republican Party is able to carry out its agenda through Congress. Trump is a distraction, an embarrassment even, but in the end he is on their side. And despite loud claims of liberal bias in the American mainstream media, the reality is that Trump receives favorable treatment from the media that the Republican Party voting constituency reads or watches. For those reasons, even if the Democrats win control of one or even both houses of Congress, it will be extremely difficult for them to impeach Trump. And even if Trump were impeached and eventually removed, Vice President Pence, who is close to the American evangelical community, would become the President. The Democrat Party may decide that enabling Pence to become president would be even worse than having Trump remain in office.

Furthermore, the ongoing legal inquiries into various aspects of the Trump Administration are not guaranteed to result in charges against Trump, even when some of his closest collaborators are now being given prison sentences. Debate continues about whether a sitting president can be put on trial, and whether any of the charges that might materialize against Trump would warrant trying to put him on trial.

Likewise, there is no “deep state” in the U.S. planning to carry out some sort of coup against Trump. The anonymous author of the NYT letter referred to a “steady state” instead of a “deep state”. What the author means is political appointees and career bureaucrats, and this is something that every president in the past 100 years has confronted. Any modern state is immense, and career bureaucrats also, rightly, feel invested in the policies that they are charged with developing and/or carrying out. Competition for influence over policy between political appointees and career bureaucrats is the norm because career bureaucrats may see political appointees as interlopers.

Political appointees themselves have a tendency to feel independent and more knowledgeable on their particular field of interest than the President. The political and bureaucratic infighting common to modern bureaucracies was the reason President Harry Truman, 75 years ago, complained that, “There are more Prima Donnas per square foot in public life...in Washington than in all the opera companies ever to exist.” He also complained about “Potomac fever” (a reference to the river that provides Washington D.C.’s southwest border), an ailment that he thought afflicts people who come to Washington for government careers. Every administration features friction among career bureaucrats, political appointees, and the president.

In other words, the “steady state” is something entirely different than what Turkish people refer to when they use the term “derin devlet”. That sort of “deep state” is an extra-legal, unaccountable crime and violence network based partially in multiple state institutions but also having links to intelligence, military, paramilitary, and organized crime structures. Certainly, nothing of the sort exists in the U.S.

Finally, the same anonymous author also referred to the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution. That amendment contains a clause that states how the president may be removed by the principal members of his administration through a petition to Congress. That clause has never been invoked, and was intended for situations in which the President might be gravely injured, or incapacitated by health problems or disease. Such a move would also have to be carried out by members of the Republican Party, and would precipitate one of the most serious political crises in U.S. history. Because the Republican Party already enjoys control of Congress and is still able to pursue its agenda, purposefully triggering a major political crisis with unforeseeable results would clearly be an unnecessary and extreme step.

Expect continuity

Because Trump will, in all likelihood, be president for at least two more years, we cannot expect dramatic shifts in U.S. policy towards Turkey. Mike Pompeo’s appointment as Secretary of State has not changed the State Department’s diminished stature and irrelevance to policy formation towards Turkey. A U.S. Ambassador to Turkey still has not been nominated. James Jeffrey’s appointment as Special Representative for Syria Engagement is the lone ray of hope in an otherwise dismal situation. Jeffrey served uneventfully as Ambassador to Turkey in 2008-2010, and his recent comments have displayed good understanding of the region and of Turkey’s worries.

On the other hand, U.S. policy in Syria still is under the control of the U.S. military. Turkish-American cooperative patrolling in Manbij continues, but Turkish officials have recently indicated that they perceive American foot-dragging. Possibly, this is related to new developments in U.S. plans: despite Trump’s openly stated desire to hastily wrap up U.S. operations in Syria, the U.S. military now seems to be preparing for an extended stay.

Overall, the U.S. long ago lost influence over the flow of events in Syria. Russia and Iran, though often disagreeing on how to collaborate, remain the main powers in Syria, openly propping up the Assad regime. Turkey negotiates with both, and is sometimes able to obtain concrete results, while U.S. influence is limited to the small regions it maintains forces in, but even there it cannot exercise complete control over the behavior of its ally, the PKK/PYD.

* Opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Anadolu Agency.

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/americas/trumpian-chaos-and-turkish-american-relations/1253131

Wednesday, 12 September 2018 08:10

The silk spiders produce is tougher than Kevlar and more flexible than nylon, and Air Force researchers think it could it could be key to creating new materials that take the load and heat off troops in the field.

Scientists at the Air Force Research Lab and Purdue University have been examining natural silk to get a sense of its ability to regulate temperature — silk can drop 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit through passive radiative cooling, which means radiating more heat than it absorbs, according to an Air Force news release.

Those researchers want to apply that property to synthetics, like artificial spider silk, which is stronger than Kevlar, the polymer typically used in body armor, and more flexible than nylon.

Enhancing body armor and adding comfort for troops is one of many improvements hoped for by a team led by Dr. Augustine Urbas, a researcher in the Functional Materials Division of the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate.

"Understanding natural silk will enable us to engineer multifunctional fibers with exponential possibilities. The ultra-strong fibers outperform the mechanical characteristics of many synthetic materials as well as steel," Urbas said in the release. "These materials could be the future in comfort and strength in body armor and parachute material for the warfighter."

In addition to making flexible, cooler body armor, the material could also be used to make tents that keep occupants cooler as well as parachutes that can carry heavier loads.

Artificial spider silk may initially cost double what Kevlar does, but its lightweight, strength, flexibility, and potential for other uses make it more appealing, according to the release.

Air Force researchers are also looking at Fibroin, a silk protein produced by silkworms, to create materials that can reflect, absorb, focus, or split light under different circumstances.

It's not the military's first attempt to shake up its body armor with natural or synthetic substances. Two years ago, the Army said it was looking into using genetically modified silkworms to create a tough, elastic fiber known as Dragon Silk.

Dr. James Zheng, the chief scientist for project manager Soldier Protection and Individual Equipment, told Army Times at the time that while the Army is developing and testing material solutions all the time, "Mother Nature has created and optimized many extraordinary materials."

At the end of 2016, then-Air Force Academy cadet Hayley Weir and her adviser, professor Ryan Burke, successfully tested a kind of viscous substance that could be used to enhance existing body armor. Weir did not reveal the formula for the substance, but she used plastic utensils and a KitchenAid mixer to whip up the gravy-like goo, placing it in vacuum-sealed bags and flattened into quarter-inch layers.

The material was designed to be lighter than standard Kevlar and offer more flexibility for the wearer. During tests, when struck by bullets, the gooey material absorbed the impact and stopped the bullets.

businessinsider

Wednesday, 12 September 2018 07:48

Exclusive interview with Eric Fusfield, Deputy Director at B’nai B’rith International Center for Human Rights and Public Policy.

 

- The new law on the national character of the Jewish state is still very topic. Not only Israel, but Europe and the USA are also discussing it. How necessary was to adopt the law?

The law is an affirmation of Israel’s status as a Jewish state and a democracy with equal rights for its minority citizens. Israel’s role as the eternal homeland of the Jewish people has always been a core aspect of the country’s identity; the law does not change that.

- Do you agree that, as some say, the law on the national character of Israel might complicate the resolution of the Palestinian-Jewish conflict?

On the contrary, it is crucial to underscore the right of Jews to self-determination in their homeland; there can be no two-state solution without international acceptance of this key principle. The United Nations has affirmed the Palestinian right to self-determination many times, but pays little regard to the equivalent Jewish right. This law should facilitate, rather than hinder, a resolution of the conflict.

- How do you see the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict?

The key to a lasting settlement of the conflict is direct negotiation between the two parties over core issues, such as borders, refugees, security issues, water rights, and the status of Jerusalem. There can be no solution imposed by the UN or other outside parties. Similarly, sanctions or boycotts of Israel are an impediment to peace, because they disincentivize the Palestinians to negotiate.

- How do you assess the situation with antisemitism in the world?   

Anti-Semitism is a growing problem around the globe. The problem has been most acute in Europe, where antisemitism has reasserted itself as a cultural virus and even gained potency in many respects. Today antisemitism often manifests itself in the form of virulent anti-Israel hatred that exceeds legitimate political discourse by incorporating traditional antisemitic motifs and by attempting to demonize and delegitimize the Jewish state, or apply double standards to it.

- What kind of work does B'nai B'rith do to curb cases of antisemitism?

Through its global advocacy before national governments and international organizations, B’nai B’rith works to increase awareness of the contemporary dimensions of antisemitism. We call on governments, organizations, and civil society to adopt constructive measures in the areas of law enforcement, hate crime monitoring, data collection, and education and training. We also call on public officials and civil society leaders to condemn and publicly stigmatize antisemitism.
 
 
Tuesday, 11 September 2018 06:42

1 ..Uluslararası La Frankofon Örgütü (OIF) Genel Sekreteri Michaëlle Jean, 10-14 Eylül tarihleri arasında Ermenistan’a resmi bir ziyarette bulunacak. Ermenistan Dışişleri Bakanı Zohrab Mnatsakanyan ile 11 Eylül ‘de bir basın toplantısı düzenlenmesi bekleniyor. Genel Sekreter, Erivan’daki Ermeni <sözde> soykırımı Anıtı’nı da ziyaret edecek. Ermenistan başkenti Erivan, Ekim ayında 17 nci La Frankofon Zirvesine ev sahipliği yapacak. (İ)

OIF Secretary General to visit Armenia September 10-14

2. Rusya, Ermenistan’ın 1 Mart 2008 seçimlerinden sonra meydana gelen gösterileri şiddetle bastırmak nedeniyle ülkenin anayasal düzenini ihlal etmekle suçlanan eski savunma bakanı General Mikael Harutunyan için Ermenistan tarafından verilen tutuklama emrini iptal etti. Temmuz ayı başlarında Ermenistan’ın Özel Soruşturma Servisi (SIS), 2008 başkanlık seçimlerinin ardından protestoculara karşı silahlı kuvvetleri yasadışı olarak kullanmakla suçlanan General Harutyunyan için tutuklama emri çıkarmıştı. (İ)
http://asbarez.com/174845/russia-cancels-arrest-warrant-for-armenias-ex-defense-chief/

3. Paşinyan-Putin görüşmeleri Moskova’da yapıldı. Ermenistan Başbakanı Nikola Paşinyan, Rusya Devlet Başkanı Vladimir Putin ile Moskova’da yaptığı görüşmeler öncesinde, Ermenistan ve Rusya’nın ikili ilişkilerinde çözülemeyecek hiçbir sorun bulunmadığını söyledi. Toplantının başında Rus cumhurbaşkanı ikili ilişkilerin benzersiz karakterine atıfta bulunarak, “Ülkemizle olan ilişkiler, siyasi, askeri ve güvenlik alanlarının yanı sıra ekonomik işbirliği de dahil olmak üzere her yönden dinamik olarak ilerliyor” dedi. Putin, Ermenistan’ın Rusya için önde gelen ticaret ve ekonomi ortağı olmaya devam ettiğini hatırlatarak, ticaretin geçtiğimiz yıl içinde% 30 ve devam eden yılın ilk altı ayında% 22 büyüdüğünü belirtti. Ermeni Başbakanı, “Ermeni ve Rus medyasında ve sosyal medyada karamsarlığa rağmen, ilişkilerimizin dinamik olarak ilerlediğini düşünüyorum. Bütün mevcut meselelerin çözüleceğine ve müttefiklerimizin ülkelerimizin çıkarlarına, egemenliklerine ve içişlerine müdahale etmeme ilkesine saygı duyacağına inanıyorum” dedi. (İ)
https://www.panorama.am/en/news/2018/09/08/Pashinyan-Putin-talks-held-in-Moscow/2001216

 

4. Ermenistan Başbakanı Nikol Paşinyan, Rusya’ya yaptığı son gezisinin sonuçlarını Pazar günü iş forumunda yaptığı konuşmada açıkladı. Paşinyan şunları söyledi , “ Rusya Federasyonu Başkanı Vladimir Putin ile çok önemli ve çok verimli görüşmeler yaptım. Bu ziyaret ve görüşmeler neticesinde, Ermeni-Rus ilişkilerinin yeni bir düzeye ulaştığını söyleyebiliriz. Rusya cumhurbaşkanı ile aramızda karşılıklı güven ortamı var. Buna göre, Ermenistan Cumhuriyeti ile Rusya Federasyonu arasında ekonomik ilişkilerin geliştirilmesi için daha elverişli koşullar yaratacak bir karşılıklı güven ortamı olduğunu söyleyebiliriz.” Paşinyan, Rusya’daki işadamlarına işbirliği yapmaya hazır olduklarından dolayı teşekkür etti ve “Ermenistan halkı, Ermeni hükümeti size güveniyor. Ermenistan’da da faaliyet göstermeye devam edin” dedi. (İ)
https://www.panorama.am/en/news/2018/09/10/Armenian-Russian-relations/2001367

5. Ermenistan Başbakanı Nikol Paşinyan, Fransa Cumhurbaşkanı Emmanuel Macron ‘un davetlisi olarak 14 Eylül’ de Fransa’ ya bir çalışma ziyaretinde bulunacak. Ziyaret sırasında Başbakanı’nın Başkan Macron ile görüşmesine Fransa iş çevrelerinin yanı sıra Fransız-Ermeni cemaati temsilcileri de katılacak. (İ)
https://armedia.am/eng/news/63917/pashinyan-to-meet-macron-in-france-on-september-14.html

6. Güney Kafkasya Demiryolunda 60 milyon dolar suistimal belirlendi. Ermenistan Başbakanı
Nikol Paşinyan, yaptığı bir röportajda, Güney Kafkasya Demiryolunda (Ermenistan’da Rus Demiryollarına ait bir demiryolu işletmecisi) yapılan araştırmalar sonunda yaklaşık 60 milyon dolarlık suistimal yapılmış olduğunu söyledi. Rusya Devlet Başkanı Vladimir Putin ile yaptığı görüşmede konuyu gündeme getirdi. Paşinyan, “Bu ve diğer alanlarda işbirliği yapacağız, böylelikle Ermenistan’da faaliyet gösteren Rus şirketlerinde kötüye kullanım söz konusu değil. Soruşturma ajansları şu anda olayı araştırıyor” dedi. (İ)
http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/259828/

7. Rusya sistematik bir şekilde Ermenistan’a silah vermeye devam edecek. Rusya Devlet Başkanı Vladimir Putin ve Ermenistan Başbakanı Nikol Paşinyan 8 Eylül tarihinde Moskova’da yapılan görüşme sırasında, Rusya tarafından Ermenistan’a sistematik bir şekilde silah sağlama devamlılığı hakkında anlaştılar.
Başbakan Paşinyan ayrıca “Alternatif seçenekleri de konuşacağız. Bu çok önemli bir işbirliğidir ve bence bu alanda aramızda hiç bir sorun olamaz” dedi. (İ)
https://www.ermenihaber.am/tr/news/2018/09/10/Rusya-Ermenistan-silah/136978

8. Van ilindeki bir ortaçağ Ermeni kilisesi olan Akdamar Kilisesi, ilk dini hizmeti için kapılarını 9 Eylül’de açtı. Ermeni Patriği Aram Ateşyan’ın önderliğindeki törene, bir kısmı yurt dışından gelen yüzlerce insan katıldı. Van Gölü’ndeki Akhtamar adasında bulunan kilise, bir Ermeni kral olan Gagik I Artsruni’nin gözetimi altında mimar Bishop Manuel tarafından M.S. 915- 921 arasında inşa edildi. 2005 ve 2007 arasında bir restorasyon döneminden sonra kilise, 2007 yılında bir anıt müze olarak açılmış ve 2010 yılında, 95 yıllık bir aradan sonra ilk defa bir ayin gerçekleştirilmiştir. (T)

Sermon held at Armenian Akhtamar Church after three years

9. Putin, Pashinyan’ın Ermenistan’ı ziyaret davetini kabul etti. Nikol Paşinyan, Kolektif Güvenlik Anlaşması Örgütü’ (CSTO) nün Ermenistan için son derece önemli bir kurum olduğunu belirterek CSTO üyelerinin birbirlerine karşı yükümlülüklerinin net olmadığını söyledi. Ayrıca, “CSTO üyesi ülkelerin birbirleriyle ve kuruluşa karşı ne gibi yükümlülükleri var? Bunun hiç açık olmadığına inanıyorum. Unutmayalım ki, aynı zamanda organizasyonumuz, kolektif bir organizasyon. Üst düzey ziyaretler kurumun etkinliğinin teminatıdır” dedi. (İ)
https://armenpress.am/eng/news/946582.html

10. Fresno’daki Henry Madden Kütüphanesinde “Soykırımları Sergisi ve Konferansı”. Fresno Devlet Üniversitesi, 20’nci Yüzyılın Soykırımıları sergisinın açılış töreni için Kanada İnsan Hakları Müzesi Başkan Yardımcısı Dr. Clint Curle’ i konuk etti. Program, Kuzey Amerika’daki Holokost Anıt Müzesi gezici sergisinin başı olan Deborah Sinclair’in tanıtımıyla başladı. Sinclair, soykırım teriminin kökenlerini ve tarihi zulümleri öğrenmenin ve karşılaştırmanın amacını ve önemini kısaca tartıştı. Sinclair daha sonra tartışmanın önemini belirterek Dr. Clint Curle’ yi tanıttı. Curle, “Bu konuyla ilgili konuşmuyorsak, temel olarak kendimizi tekrarlama moduna çekiyoruz” dedi.” Curle daha sonra Ermeni <sözde> soykırımına genel bir bakış ile nasıl yapıldığını anlattı. (İ)

11. Gürcistan Başbakanı Mamuka Bakhtadze 10 Eylül Pazartesi günü Ermenistan’a resmi bir ziyarette bulunacak. Erivan’da, Ermeni mevkidaşı Nikol Paşinyan ile görüşecek. İki Başbakan medya için bir bildiri yayınlayacaklar. Bakhtadze, ayrıca, Ermeni <sözde> soykırımı anma törenini ziyaret edecek ve Cumhurbaşkanı Armen Sarkissyan ile Meclis Başkanı Ara Babloyan ile de görüşecek. (İ)
http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/259832/

12. Hrant Dink Ödülü’nün 10 uncu yılında ‘Geçmişe Bakmak Geleceği Tasarlamak’ konferansı.
Hrant Dink Vakfı’nın tesis ettiği, Uluslararası Hrant Dink Ödülü’nün onuncusu Hrant Dink’in doğum günü olan 15 Eylül’de sahiplerini bulacak. Ödülün onuncu yılı vesilesiyle, insan hakları, adalet ve özgürlüklerin ele alınacağı, ‘Geçmişe Bakmak, Geleceği Tasarlamak’ başlıklı uluslararası bir konferans yapılacak. (T)
http://www.agos.com.tr/tr/yazi/21217/hrant-dink-odulu-nun-10-yilinda-gecmise-bakmak-gelecegi-tasarlamak-konferansi.

kaynak: https://www.turkishnews.com/tr/content/2018/09/10/feym-grubu-mesaji-ermeni-faaliyetleri-10-eylul-2018/

 

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